What Dental Hygiene Should You Practice During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy can be a very trying and utterly exhausting period. Most people end up falling out of their regular daily routines. One of the routines which are usually among the first to be thrown out the window in the early stages of pregnancy is oral hygiene.

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Many women only find themselves too tired to keep up with their regular oral hygiene routines or simply do not see the importance in keeping up with such routines.

In fact, for an excellent proportion of expectant women all over the world, oral hygiene does not extend very far beyond just brushing the teeth once in a while.

Many hormonal changes are bound to take place in your body when you are expectant. Some dental complications can arise as a direct result of these hormonal changes. Some of the most common of these dental complications include the following:​

Dental Problems During Pregnancy

1

Pregnancy Tumors

These are not tumors in the strict sense of the word although they are commonly referred to as such due to their similarity in appearance to actual, cancerous tumors. They are characterized by the appearance of small lumps in between the teeth and along the gum lines.

They usually take on a raw, red surface that resembles mulberries. The lumps are pretty harmless. However, they bleed very easily, especially when you are brushing your teeth and can, therefore, be quite bothersome.

Pregnancy-Tumors

If you can’t stand the discomfort that they cause, you can have them removed by a dentist under anesthetic. Otherwise, the lumps will eventually fade off on their own soon after the end of the pregnancy.

2

Gingivitis

This is a disease or infection of the gums and one that expectant women are at a high risk of developing. It can manifest in the tenderness, and the swelling of the gums and the gums may also bleed a little whenever you floss or brush your teeth.

Gingivitis

In the early stages of the pregnancy, gingivitis can be prevented by regular flossing of the teeth. While it is crucial to keep up with routine oral hygiene measures like brushing and flossing of the teeth and regular visits to your dentist.

There are also some things that you should never do while pregnant for the sake of both your health and the dental health of your unborn baby. Here is a list of three things relating to dental care that you should never do while pregnant:

1

Never undergo any major dental surgeries or operations while pregnant. In fact, you should never undergo any major surgeries, dental and otherwise, before the end of the pregnancy.

dental surgery

There are many reasons behind this but suffice it to say that any such surgeries pose some serious risks to both your health and that of your unborn baby.

2

Never take some medications during pregnancy. Some specific medications, such as tetracycline, should never be used while pregnant.

Medicine

The use of tetracycline during pregnancy will cause the staining of the fetus’ developing teeth and your baby may be born with permanently discolored teeth.  Alternative treatments that are less harmful such as amoxicillin and penicillin should be used instead.

3

Avoid radiation treatments as much as possible. Exposure to radiation during pregnancy can be harmful to both you and your unborn child.

unborn-child

That said, your dentist may at times need to get a radiography of your teeth to help him or her with your dental treatment. In such cases, the dentist should ensure that your abdomen is completely covered with a protective apron and that a thyroid collar is placed over your throat.

Final Words

Both of these measures prevent the radiation from reaching other parts of the body where it is likely to cause harm. Be open and share with your dentist any dental concerns that you may have during this time so that he or she can better help you in dealing with the issues.​

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